The martial art Jiu Jitsu, originated in the early 20th century in Japan. It was brought to Brazil by the Japanese, Mitsuyo Maeda, who taught it to Carlos Garcia.
He taught it to his four brothers. The youngest of the lot-Royce Garcia formulated the art as we perceive it today. Prior to them, the Samurais used the art form along with their weapons. They knew the submission moves like: throws, strikes, joint locks and choking. The art teaches you how to combat a strong and big opponent despite being small. It teaches you how to use the strength and energy of the opponent to your advantage. It is similar to Judo that originated in Japan in 1892.
The term Jiu Jitsu means gentle art. Royce Garcia formulated the art as per the requirement of a short and light weighted person.
He used leverage in place of strength. He brought many alterations and this is the reason that Brazilians and the world know it by their name. It is considered as the mother of all martial arts like judo, karate, aikido, etc. The main objective or technique of the art is to take the opponent to the ground and to apply either a joint manipulation or choke. The effectiveness of the art lies in the usage of the opponent's aggression and strength against him.
In Jiu Jitsu the opponent's strength, size and momentum is put to good use. In this martial art you can take part in either sparring or live training of the art after each session.
This prepares for you for situations in real life. A live scenario is created in every class. This is how it becomes an ideal martial art for defending yourself. It is an art form that involves very little skills while standing up and the entire martial art is executed on the ground. More than strength, the fight is based on technique. It is a one on one fight technique, where the opponents pin down each other by chokes, joint locks and throws.
There is no brutality or violence in Jiu Jitsu. It is a much disciplined form of martial art. Continuous training in the art will give you physical fitness, agility and strength. It teaches you how to do good time management and to coordinate time properly. Through self defense, you can get a properly toned and healthy body. You can enhance your talent, skills and intelligence through it. It also helps in improving your health and level of confidence. The strength in your character attains new heights. A feeling of great bonding and trust grows on account of practicing together.
Some changes have been brought about in the technique of the art, but the basic philosophy of the art still remains the same. Jiu Jitsu is divided into 5 different categories for which there is a different colored belt that helps in distinguishing one from the other.
You begin with the white belt that takes approximately 2 years, when you are not in control of your actions. After this you get the purple belt in which without hurting yourself and your opponent you can defend yourself. This means that you are in full control of the art and have set up a style of your own. Then is the brown belt, where you bring perfection in your art and lastly the black belt, from where you begin your journey.
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